Alpacas are very easy to look after but do,as with all livestock, need checking at least once a day. On our farm we do it twice a day as we can't see all our paddocks from the house and if something happened after we had fed in the morning, and we weren't due to visit again until the next day an animal may not get the help and attention it needed.
We feed a special alpaca nut combined with course mix - again specially manufactured for Camelids; they only need about 250 grams per animal per day this will ensure that they receive most of the minerals that they need to thrive.
We split the daily rations into 2 amounts and feed in the morning and again in the evening. This allowa us make sure all is ok while feeding round.
During each visit it is easy to see if all is well, the alpaca will run to greet us and it is easy to check that no one has scouring (diarrhea) are lame, or any other obvious problems. If a single animal from a group does not come to feed or is slower than normal, it can be an indication that all is not well. It is worth remembering that alpacas do not show that they are ill and will mask any problems that may need a vet or further investigation. Always try to "know" your animals, spend time with them to learn what is normal for that animal which may not be the same for others.
In addition to feed we offer hay all year round, essential in the winter and also in the summer it helps provide dry matter to the stomach aiding it to process the lush grass wet matter.
Fresh clean water should always be available; they will try to stand in water troughs so one on a fence will stay clean longer. Remember to remove ice in the winter.
Field shelters should be made available, they may not always use them but if you have a sick animal it is a must to be able to get it out of the weather to tend to it. Building a pen off the shelter in which you feed is also a good idea, they will get used to coming in to be fed so if you need to do a routine tasks a bit of food and they are in the pen ready to work with. It is also a good idea to catch them every now and then, stroke them and then let them go, nothing terrible happened and they will get used to being handled, it won't then be a great shock when you need to vaccinate or toenail trim.
Stress is a big problem to alpacas so the less stress you can put them under the better, remember that they don't show their feelings so be aware what you are doing to them.
Members of the British Camelid Veterinarian Society who are happy to help and advice on the treatment of alpacas, a forum can be found on their http://www.camelidvets.org/